Francisco Palau y Quer

Founder of the Carmelite Missionary Sisters
My name is Francisco

Who was it?

Born on 29 December 1811 in Aytona (Lérida), Spain. He studied philosophy and theology at the Seminary of Lérida. He professed as a Discalced Carmelite on 15 November 1833.

Due to political events in Spain, he was exiled to France from 1840 to 1851. In 1843, he led an intense solitary life in the vicinity of the sanctuary of Notre Dame de Livron. He returned to Spain in April 1851; he was incardinated in the diocese of Barcelona; he founded the "School of Virtue" in November of the same year. When the "School" was suppressed, he was confined to Ibiza on 9 April 1854, where he lived deeply the mystery of the Church.

In the Balearic Islands he founds the congregations of the Brothers and the Carmelite Sisters. In January-March 1872 he writes and publishes the Rules and Constitutions of the Tertiary Order of Discalced Carmelites, which are printed in Barcelona.

He died in Tarragona on 20 March 1872.

What was it like?

In love with silence, retreat and solitude, he is and feels himself to be both an apostle and a tireless preacher: he sees the re-Christianisation of the Spanish and European environment as an authentic work of evangelisation.

Leadership was one of the channels through which he transmitted his spirit most effectively and authentically to the members of the religious family of the Missionary Carmel; this is reflected in his letters. His facet as a catechist and renovator was evident in the great work of the "School of Virtue" in Barcelona.

He was a writer, more out of pastoral demands than out of vocation or consecration to the pen. Nevertheless, he managed to compose original pages that occupy a privileged place in the religious and spiritual literature of 19th century Spain.

My name is Francisco

Francisco Palau Writer VII

Both the method, used in the exposition, and the subject matter, developed in The Catechism of the Virtues, respond to well-defined criteria. They were adapted to the training of the recipients. And to the needs of the time. Fifty-two were the...

Francisco Palau Writer VI

Before the bishop's reply to that courageous interpellation, Palau had left France for good. However, the bishop of Montauban continued to consider him a troublemaker. As an undesirable person, of course. He wrote to the prelate of Barcelona, nothing more...

Francisco Palau Writer V

Although immersed in a solitary life, Palau never underestimated the apostolate. In fact, the people around him came close to him. They recognised him as an expert guide in the ways of the spirit. Almost nothing! His influence grew day by day. He became truly remarkable. ....


In his writings he shows a singular mastery of the Holy Scriptures. Scripture. At one point he copies whole chapters of the Bible. His preference for Old Testament figures is clear. For charismatic characters such as the prophets, too. And as for books, already....

Francisco Palau Writer III

Most of the letters and papers belong to the series - Of a confidential nature. Those dealing with family matters, legal formalities, and those related to persons and public offices. Likewise, all the unpublished pages. The solitary life and the apologies,...

Francisco Palau. Writer II

Certain difficulties of interpretation stem from the wording of the document itself. This must be pointed out. Some deficiencies are due to his incomplete preparation. The abrupt interruption of his religious life produced a serious gap in his intellectual formation and...


Francisco's literary activity is well known to us. Eulogio Pacho published a bibliographical, critical and exhaustive monograph on this aspect of his work. His conclusions are supported by solid foundations. These writings reveal the strength...


The Carlist Wars were a series of civil wars that took place in Spain throughout the 19th century, producing numerous deep wounds and costing a great deal in human lives. The entire Spanish territory suffered such a painful situation of...

Palau-Puigllat II

In order to interpret the events described on the previous page, it is essential to place them in the context of the vicissitudes of the pontificate of Bishop Puigllat, rich in tense relations with his clergy. Fr. Coll Mn. Escolá - creator and director of the academy...

Palau - Puigllat I

The reality to be dealt with now has its origin in an unfortunate episode, motivated by an isolated sermon. It happened in Aitona. It was compelled by particular and painful circumstances. At the request of the municipal and ecclesiastical authorities - in 1865 - Palau improvised a... Palau improvised a...

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