Francisco Palau y Quer

Founder of the Carmelite Missionary Sisters
My name is Francisco

Who was it?

Born on 29 December 1811 in Aytona (Lérida), Spain. He studied philosophy and theology at the Seminary of Lérida. He professed as a Discalced Carmelite on 15 November 1833.

Due to political events in Spain, he was exiled to France from 1840 to 1851. In 1843, he led an intense solitary life in the vicinity of the sanctuary of Notre Dame de Livron. He returned to Spain in April 1851; he was incardinated in the diocese of Barcelona; he founded the "School of Virtue" in November of the same year. When the "School" was suppressed, he was confined to Ibiza on 9 April 1854, where he lived deeply the mystery of the Church.

In the Balearic Islands he founds the congregations of the Brothers and the Carmelite Sisters. In January-March 1872 he writes and publishes the Rules and Constitutions of the Tertiary Order of Discalced Carmelites, which are printed in Barcelona.

He died in Tarragona on 20 March 1872.

What was it like?

In love with silence, retreat and solitude, he is and feels himself to be both an apostle and a tireless preacher: he sees the re-Christianisation of the Spanish and European environment as an authentic work of evangelisation.

Leadership was one of the channels through which he transmitted his spirit most effectively and authentically to the members of the religious family of the Missionary Carmel; this is reflected in his letters. His facet as a catechist and renovator was evident in the great work of the "School of Virtue" in Barcelona.

He was a writer, more out of pastoral demands than out of vocation or consecration to the pen. Nevertheless, he managed to compose original pages that occupy a privileged place in the religious and spiritual literature of 19th century Spain.

My name is Francisco

Francisco Palau – Servicio Apostólico

Durante los últimos años Francisco Palau dedicó sus esfuerzos a una actividad delicada y hasta heroica: la atención a los zarandeados por el mal. Y ¿cómo realizó este cambio de perspectiva en su servicio apostólico? Resultaban fundamentales los servicios que...

Francisco Palau - The Hermit

 The Hermit was destined to fill a void in the contemporary history of society: the struggle between God and evil. Which will be pronounced in favour of the Church. Although evil hides and presents itself as a protective angel, The Hermit shows it for what it is...

Francisco Palau Writer XIII

The Hermit The religious situation of the Church, with the passing of time, instead of improving, worsened. Despite the efforts of so many apostles, who, like Palau, tried to stop the social de-Christianisation. He was strengthened by the following conviction: the...


Outline-grouping of writings My relationships. Centre of the work: proclamation of the mystery of the Church. In it, the lived, the doctrinal and the symbolic are continually interwoven. In the chronological sequence, we can distinguish the process followed in the relations with...


  As it was an intimate piece of writing, Palau's writing in Mis Relaciones was unrestrained. Above all, he used symbolic language. I have written it for myself alone and I write it at the times when I most need the Church. In its pages I have written my loving...

Francisco Palau WRITER X

The Church of God as depicted by the E.S. in the sacred books. It is the last book written by Francis for the general public. It has an unmistakable stamp. His life and thought revolve around the mystery of the Church, the "leitmotif" of his existence and his...


The feast of Francisco Palau, a deeply ecclesial man, prompts his daughters - the Carmelite missionaries - to present him for what he really was: a life woven by synodality. He was very much aware of his call to serve the Church: his Beloved. But he feared that...

Francisco Palau Writer IX

The ecclesiastical authority supported Fr Palau in the violent suppression of the Ecole de la Virtue. It was the court martial that condemned him. As in many other situations, instead of justice, force prevailed. In spite of everything, Francisco was...

Francisco Palau Writer VIII

Four sectors make up the fabric of the School of Vindicated Virtue: *The preaching of the gospel in the Catholic nations and its forms. *The School of Virtue: description. *Attacks of the press: reply. *Charges brought against it by the authorities....

Francisco Palau Writer VII

Both the method, used in the exposition, and the subject matter, developed in The Catechism of the Virtues, respond to well-defined criteria. They were adapted to the training of the recipients. And to the needs of the time. Fifty-two were the...

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